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Massachusetts Hospitals: Closures, Mergers, Acquisitions and Affiliations

Closures/Conversions | Mergers | Acquisitions | Holding Company Affiliations | Contractual Affiliations | Planned Collaborations | Definition of Terms

Closures/Conversions

YearTypeOwnerConvNameCity
1980MenRtStateBelchertown State SchoolBelchertown
1980AcutePrivxB.S. Cable Memorial Hospital (to outpatient/assisted living)Ipswich
1980AlcohPrivWashington Center for Addiction
1981OtherPrivElizabeth Mason Infirmary
1981AcutePrivLongwood HospitalBoston
1981OtherStateMassachusetts Correctional Institution
1982ChronCityBessie M. Burke Memorial
1982AcuteFedU.S. Public Health Service
1982AcutePrivxWinchendon Hospital (to outpatient)Winchendon
1985AcuteInvxDoctor's Hospital of Worcester (to alcohol/drug)Worcester
1986ChronInvFrances P. Memorial
1986ChronInvGrover Manor Hospital
1986AcutePrivxHarvard Community Health Plan Hospital (to rehabilitation)Boston
1987AcutePrivxFairlawn Hospital (to rehabilitation)Worcester
1987AcuteCityxMary A. Alley Hospital (to outpatient/other)Wareham
1987ChronReligxSt. Camillus Hospital (to nursing home)
1988AcutePrivBrookline HospitalBrookline
1988AcuteReligxFarren Memorial Hospital (to long-term care)Montague
1988MenRtStateWalter E. Fernald State SchoolWaltham
1988AcutePrivxParkwood Hospital (to rehabilitation/chronic care)New Bedford
1989AcutePrivxChoate Memorial Hospital (outpatient/assisted living/other)Woburn
1989ChronInvOtis HospitalCambridge
1989AcuteReligxSancta Maria Hospital (to nursing home)Cambridge
1990AcutePrivxHolden Hospital (to chronic care)Holden
1990AcuteCityxHunt Memorial Hospital (to outpatient)Beverly
1990AcutePrivMassachusetts Osteopathic Hospital and Medical CenterBoston
1990AlcohInvMount Pleasant Hospital
1990AcutePrivxSt. Luke's Hospital of Middleboro (to outpat/chronic)Middleboro
1991ChronPrivxBethany Hospital (to nursing home)
1991ChronStateCushing HospitalFramingham
1991PsychStateDorchester Mental Health CenterDorchester
1991ChronCityLong Island HospitalBoston
1991ChronStateRutland Heights Hospital
1991AcuteCityxWorcester City Hospital (to outpatient/substance abuse)Worcester
1992PsychStateDanvers State HospitalDanvers
1992RehabStateLakeville HospitalLakeville
1992PsychStateMetropolitan State Hospital
1993AcuteCityxAmesbury Hospital (to outpatient)Amesbury
1993AcuteCityxJ.B. Thomas Hospital (to outpatient/long-term care)Peabody
1993AcuteInvxHahnemann Hospital (to long-term care)Boston
1993PsychStateNorthampton State HospitalNorthampton
1993AcuteReligxSt. Margaret's Hospital (to outpatient/other)Brighton
1994AcutePrivxWinthrop Hospital (to outpatient)Winthrop
1994ChronCountyWorcester County (to rehabilitation)Worcester
1995AcutePrivLudlow HospitalLudlow
1995RehabCountyxBarnstable County Hospital (to outpatient,then closed in 1999)Barnstable
1996PsychPrivAtlantiCare Hospital (formerly Lynn Hospital)Lynn
1996ChronCityBoston Specialty & Rehabilitation HospitalBoston
1996AcutePrivxProvidence Hospital (to behavioral health, outpatient)Holyoke
1999AcuteReligBoston Regional Medical CenterStoneham
1999Chron/RehabInvxCranberry Specialty Hospital (to outpatient)Middleboro
1999AcutePrivxMalden Hospital (to outpatient)Malden
1999AcuteInvxSymmes Hospital and Medical Center (to outpatient)Arlington
2003PsychStateMedfield State HospitalMedfield
2003AcutePrivWaltham HospitalWaltham
2009AcutePrivxHubbard Hospital (to outpatient)Webster
2010PsychStateWestborough State HospitalWestborough
2012PsychStateTaunton State HospitalWestborough
2013OtherInvKindred Hospital Northeast-WalthamWaltham
2014AcutePrivNorth Adams Regional HospitalNorth Adams

Type: Acute (31); alcoholism/chemical dependency (2); chronic disease (12); mental retardation (2); other (3); psychiatric (8); rehabilitation (2).

Ownership: Federal (1); investor-owned for-profit (9); city-owned (8); private not-for-profit (22); religious/church-operated not-for-profit (5); state (13); county (2).

Conversion: X = Converted to Other health-care-related uses (27 of 59).

Mergers

YearDetails
1981Choate/Symmes formed Choate-Symmes Hospitals
1986Lynn/Union formed AtlantiCare Medical Center
1990Worcester Memorial/Worcester Hahnemann/Holden formed Medical Center of Central Mass. (now known as Memorial Health Care)
1990North Shore Children's Hospital merged with Salem Hospital, operating as Salem Hospital
1992Framingham Union/Leonard Morse formed MetroWest Medical Center
1992St. John's/St. Joseph's formed Saints Memorial Medical Center
1993Burbank/Leominster formed HealthAlliance
1993Cardinal Cushing General/Goddard Memorial formed Good Samaritan Medical Center
1995Lahey Clinic/Hitchcock Clinic (Lebanon, NH) formed Lahey Hitchcock Clinic
1995Beverly/Addison Gilbert
1996Cape Cod Health Systems and Falmouth Hospital Foundation formed Cape Cod Healthcare, Inc.
1996St. Luke's, Charlton Memorial, and Tobey health systems formed Southcoast Health System
1996Berkshire Health Systems/Berkshire Medical Center/Hillcrest Hospital
1996Boston City Hospital, Boston University Medical Center Hospital, and Boston Specialty and Rehabilitation Hospital formed Boston Medical Center
1996Cambridge Hospital Community Health Network/Somerville Hospital
1996Melrose-Wakefield, Whidden Memorial hospitals formed UniCare Health System
1996Beth Israel Corporation, Pathway Health Network, and Mount Auburn Foundation formed CareGroup; Beth Israel and Deaconess hospitals formed Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
1997Lahey Clinic and Hitchcock Clinic realigned; Lahey Hitchcock Clinic retained, but separate boards created for Lahey and Hitchcock groups
1997Parent companies of Malden Hospital, Lawrence Memorial Hospital of Medford, Melrose-Wakefield Hospital, and Whidden Memorial Hospital formed Hallmark Health System
1997Sisters of Providence Health System/Franciscan Sisters of Allegany Health System/Eastern Mercy Health System formed Catholic Health East
1998Memorial Health Care and the clinical system of UMass Medical Center formed UMass Memorial Health Care
1998Memorial Hospital and University MA Medical Center formed UMass Memorial Medical Center
1998Providence Hospital merged with Mercy Hospital, operating under Mercy's license as Mercy Hospital
2012Saints Medical Center merged with Lowell General Hospital, operating under Lowell's license as Lowell General Hospital
2014Merrimack Hospital merged with Holy Family Hospital, operating under Holy Family's license as Holy Family Hospital at Merrimack Valley

Acquisitions

YearDetails
1982Winchendon (by Henry Heywood)
1987Parkwood (by St. Luke's of New Bedford)
1988North Shore Children's Hospital (by Charter Health Services Corp., now North Shore Medical Center, Inc., from HealthNet Inc.)
1990Hunt (by Beverly Hospital)
1990St. Luke's of Middleborough (by Cardinal Cushing General)
1992J.B. Thomas (by Lahey Clinic)
1992Parkwood (by Mediplex, from St. Luke's of New Bedford)
1993Amesbury (by Anna Jaques Hospital)
1993J.B. Thomas (by Transitional Hospitals Corp., from Lahey Clinic)
1993St. Margaret's (by St. Elizabeth's Medical Center of Boston)
1994Hahnemann (by Vencor, Inc.)
1994Mediplex (by Sunrise Healthcare)
1994Symmes Hospital & Medical enter (by Lahey Clinic and AdvantageHEALTH, parent of New England Rehabilitation Hospital)
1994Winthrop (by Boston University Medical Center Hospital and East Boston Neighborhood Health Center)
1994Worcester County (by Fairlawn Rehabilitation Center)
1995St. Joseph's Hospital, of Saints Memorial Medical Center (by AdvantageHEALTH Corp.)
1996Goddard Hospital, of Good Samaritan Medical Center (by Olympus Healthcare)
1996Rehabilitation Hospital of Western New England (by AdvantageHEALTH)
1996AdvantageHEALTH (by Healthsouth Corp.)
1996MetroWest Medical Center (by Columbia/HCA)
1996Heritage Hospital (by Somerville Hospital)
1996Saint Vincent Healthcare System (by OrNda HealthCorp)
1996Springfield Municipal Hospital (by Olympus Healthcare Group)
1996Middlesex Hospital (by Olympus Healthcare Group)
1997Carney Hospital (by Caritas Christi)
1997OrNda HealthCorp. (by Tenet Healthcare Corp.)
1997Cranberry Specialty Hospital (by Olympus Healthcare Group)
1997Horizon/CMS, parent company of Braintree Hospital (by Healthsouth)
1997Neponset Valley Health System (by Caritas Christi Health System)
1998Massachusetts Respiratory Hospital (by Olympus Healthcare Group)
1999MetroWest Medical Center (by Tenet Health System)
2005MetroWest Medical Center (by Vanguard Health Systems Inc., TN) - January 1, 2005 (previous owner Tenet Health Systems)
2005Saint Vincent Medical Center at Worcester Medical Center (by Vanguard Health Systems Inc., TN) – January 1, 2005 (previous owner Tenet Health Systems)
2010Caritas Christi Health Care System (by Steward Health Care System, LLC) – November, 2010
2010Carney Hospital (by Steward Health Care System, LLC) – November, 2010
2010Good Samaritan Medical Center ownership (by Steward Health Care System, LLC) – November, 2010
2010Holy Family Hospital & Medical Center (by Steward Health Care System, LLC) – November, 2010
2010Norwood Hospital (by Steward Health Care System, LLC) – November, 2010
2010Saint Anne's Hospital (by Steward Health Care System, LLC) – November, 2010
2010St. Elizabeth's Medical Center (by Steward Health Care System, LLC) – November, 2010
2011Nashoba Valley Medical Center (by Steward Health Care System, LLC) – May, 2011
2011Merrimack Valley Hospital (by Steward Health Care System, LLC) – May, 2011
2011Morton Hospital and Medical Center, Inc. (by Steward Health Care System, LLC) – October 1, 2011
2011Quincy Medical Center, Inc. (by Steward Health Care System, LLC) – October 1, 2011
2011New England Sinai Hospital (by Steward Health Care System, LLC) – September 1, 2012
2013MetroWest Medical Center (by Tenet Healthcare Corp., TN) - November, 2013 (previous owner Vanguard Health Systems)
2013Saint Vincent Medical Center at Worcester Medical Center (by Tenet Healthcare Corp., TN) – November, 2013 (previous owner Vanguard Health Systems)
2013Braintree Rehabilitation Hospital (by Reliant Hospital Partners, LLC, TX) – December 31, 2013 (previous owner Five Star Quality Care, Inc.)
2013New England Rehabilitation Hospital (by Reliant Hospital Partners, LLC, TX) – December 31, 2013 (previous owner Five Star Quality Care, Inc.)
2014Wing Memorial & Medical Centers (by Baystate Health, Inc. - September 1, 2014 (previous owner UMass Memorial Health Care, Inc.)

Holding Company Affiliations

YearDetails
1982Norwood/Southwood formed Neponset Valley Health System
1984Providence/Mercy/Farren Memorial formed Providence Systems, now Sisters of Providence Health System
1985Cardinal Cushing/St. Elizabeth's/St. John of God/St. Margaret's Hospital for Women formed Caritas Christi
1985Franklin Medical Center with Baystate Health Systems, parent of Baystate Medical Center
1986Bon Secours, now Holy Family Hospital and Medical Center, with Caritas Christi
1986Fairview with Berkshire Health Systems, parent of Berkshire Medical Center
1990Saint Vincent with Fallon Community Health Plan
1990Shaughnessy-Kaplan Rehabilitation with Charter Health Services Corp., (now North Shore Medical Center, Inc.), parent of Salem Hospital
1991Mary Lane with Baystate Health Systems
1993Cooley Dickinson with Mary Hitchcock Memorial (Lebanon, NH)
1993Nashoba Community, now Deaconess-Nashoba, with New England Deaconess Hospital Corp., parent of Deaconess Hospital
1994Glover Memorial, now Deaconess-Glover, with New England Deaconess Hospital Corp., parent of Deaconess Hospital
1994Mass. General/Brigham and Women's formed Partners HealthCare System
1994New England Deaconess Hospital Corp./New England Baptist formed Pathway Health Network
1994St. Anne's with Caritas Christi
1994Cape Ann Health Systems, parent of Addison Gilbert Hospital, with Northeast Health Systems, parent of Beverly Hospital
1995WalthamWeston, now Deaconess-Waltham, with Pathway Health Network
1995Marlborough Hospital with UMass Health System
1996Southern New Hampshire Regional Medical Center (Nashua, NH), with Lahey Hitchcock Clinic
1996Clinton Hospital with UMass Health System
1996Wing Memorial Hospital & Medical Center with UMass Health System
1996North Shore Medical Center joined Partners HealthCare System
1997New England Medical Center joined Lifespan Health Care System
1997Atlanticare Medical Center with North Shore Medical Center (which is with Partners)
1998HealthAlliance and UMass Memorial Health Care, Inc.
1998Faulkner Hospital, Brigham and Women's Hospital, and Partners HealthCare System
1999Newton-Wellesley with Partners HealthCare System
1999Good Samaritan with Caritas Christi Healthcare System
1999Quincy Hospital with Boston Medical Center
2001Nashoba Valley Medical Center ownership transferred to Essent Healthcare
2001Hale Hospital (new name Merrimack Valley Hospital) ownership transferred to Essent Healthcare
2002Deaconess-Glover Hospital, now Beth Israel Deaconess Hospital-Needham, with Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
2006New England Rehabilitation Hospital ownership transferred to Five Star Quality Care, Inc. from HEALTHSOUTH Corporation
2006Braintree Rehabilitation Hospital ownership transferred to Five Star Quality Care, Inc. from HEALTHSOUTH Corporation
2009Youville Rehabiliation Hospital ownership transferred to Spaulding Rehabilitation Network from Covenant Health Systems
2010Caritas Christi Health Care System ownership transferred to Steward Health Care System, LLC
2010Carney Hospital ownership transferred to Steward Health Care System, LLC from Caritas Christi Health Care System
2010Good Samaritan Medical Center ownership transferred to Steward Health Care System, LLC from Caritas Christi Health Care System
2010Holy Family Hospital & Medical Center ownership transferred to Steward Health Care System, LLC from Caritas Christi Health Care System
2010Norwood Hospital ownership transferred to Steward Health Care System, LLC from Caritas Christi Health Care System
2010Saint Anne's Hospital ownership transferred to Steward Health Care System, LLC from Caritas Christi Health Care System
2010St. Elizabeth's Medical Center ownership transferred to Steward Health Care System, LLC from Caritas Christi Health Care System
2011Nashoba Valley Medical Center ownership transferred to Steward Health Care System, LLC from Essent Healthcare
2011Merrimack Valley Hospital ownership transferred to Steward Health Care System, LLC from Essent Healthcare
2011Morton Hospital and Medical Center, Inc.ownership transferred to Steward Health Care System, LLC
2011Quincy Medical Center, Inc. ownership transferred to Steward Health Care System, LLC
2012New England Sinai Hospital ownership transferred to Steward Health Care System, LLC
2012Milton Hospital, now Beth Israel Deaconess Hospital-Milton, with Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
2013Kindred Hospital Park View ownership transferred to Vibra Healthcare and hospital renamed to Vibra Hospital Of Western Massachusetts
2013MetroWest Medical Center ownership transferred to Tenet Healthcare Corp., TN - November, 2013
2013Saint Vincent Medical Center at Worcester Medical Center transferred to Tenet Healthcare Corp., TN – November, 2013
2013Braintree Rehabilitation Hospital transferred to Reliant Hospital Partners, LLC, TX – December 31, 2013
2013New England Rehabilitation Hospital transferred to Reliant Hospital Partners, LLC, TX – December 31, 2013
2014Jordan Hospital, Inc., now Beth Israel Deaconess Hospital-Plymouth, with Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
2014Wing Memorial & Medical Centers ownership transferred to Baystate Health, Inc. and hospital renamed Baystate Wing Hospital

Contractual Affiliations

YearDetails
1992UMass Medical Center/Milford-Whitinsville Regional
1993Lahey Clinic/AtlantiCare Medical Center
1993Medical Center of Central Mass./Marlborough
1993UMass Medical Center/Athol Memorial
1993UMass Medical Center/HealthAlliance
1994AtlantiCare Medical Center/Beverly Hospital/Lahey Clinic formed North Shore Radiation Therapy Partnership
1994Lahey Clinic/Joslin Diabetes Center
1994Lahey Clinic/Wing Memorial Hospital and Medical Centers
1994UMass Medical Center/Harrington Memorial
1995AdvantageHEALTH, Beverly, Lahey Hitchcock/AtlantiCare
1995Anna Jaques joined North Shore Radiation Therapy Partnership (with AtlantiCare, Beverly, Lahey Hitchcock)
1995Beth Israel Health Care and Lahey Hitchcock Clinic formed the Lahey Hitchcock Beth Israel Managed Care Partnership
1996Falmouth Hospital/Joslin Diabetes Center
1996Partners HealthCare System and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
1996UMass Medical Center/Holyoke Hospital
1996UMass Medical Center/Noble Hospital
1996UMass Medical Center/Wing Memorial Hospital & Medical Centers
1996AtlantiCare Medical Center/Northeast Health Systems
1996UMass Medical Center/Heywood Hospital
1996Beth Israel Hospital/Youville Lifecare, Inc.
1997Winchester Hospital/Children's Hospital
1997UMass Medical Center/Hubbard Regional Hospital
1997Lowell General Hospital and Dana-Farber/Partners CancerCare
1997Children's Hospital and Beverly Hospital
1997Children's Hospital and South Shore Hospital
1997Lahey Hitchcock Clinic and Boston Regional Medical Center
1997Children's Hospital and CareGroup
1997Children's Hospital and Caritas Christi Health System
1997Cambridge Public Health Commission (parent of Cambridge and Somerville hospitals) signed separate affiliation agreements with Partners HealthCare System and CareGroup
1998Joslin Diabetes Center with CareGroup, Inc.
1998Lahey Clinic with CareGroup, Inc. (contractual affiliation)
2001Lahey Clinic/Mercy Medical Center
2010Hallmark Health/Joslin Diabetes Center
2012Southcoast Hospitals Group/Boston Children's Hospital
2012Lahey Health System, Inc./Northeast Health System
2013Cooley Dickinson Hospital, Inc./Massachusetts General Hospital
2014Lahey Health System, Inc./Winchester Hospital

Definition of Terms

Note on definitions:

closures: are former acute care or non-acute hospitals that no longer are licensed as hospitals (some of these facilities may have been converted to non-health-care-related uses).

conversions: are former acute care or non-acute hospitals that no longer are licensed as hospitals and have been converted to other health-care-related uses.

contractual affiliations: usually involve a written agreement but no change in ownership or control of the hospitals.

holding company affiliations: generally involve the transfer of control of one organization to the parent company of another through by-law amendment changes, allowing both to operate as affiliates or subsidiaries of the parent company.

mergers: typically result in a single corporate identity, CEO, and board of trustees.